According to Commission Regulation No 312/2009 of 16 April 2009 amending Regulation No 2454/93 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation No 2913/92 establishing the Community Customs Code prescribes that from 1 of July 2009 Economic Operators and other persons which are constantly involved in completion of the customs formalities in relations with customs authorities throughout the EU have to use the unique identification and registration number EORI (Economic Operators Registration and Identification).
When EORI number is required?
EORI number is mandatory:
- for the import procedures – consignee and declarant, (SAD 8. and 14. column);
- for the export procedures – consignor and declarant, (SAD 2. and 14. column);
- for the transit procedures, including TIR - the principal /holder of the TIR carnet, (SAD 50. column);
- for the lodging of import/export summary declaration – applicant/carrier;
- for holders of the authorizations and guarantees;
- Signing the Agreement on electronic submission of the declarations in customs information systems (EDS agreement).
For natural persons EORI number is not mandatory. Natural persons who are occasionally performing customs formalities may request a temporary number - ad hoc which is valid on the date on which it is assigned. Natural persons who are regularly performing customs formalities should receive a permanent EORI number which can be used many times.
Where can you apply for EORI number?
Economic operator established in the customs territory of the Community can apply for an EORI number only in the Member State of the European Union where it is established.
Economic operator not established in the customs territory of the Community can apply for an EORI number in the Member State of the European Union where they first perform one of the customs activities. The assigned EORI number is valid in all EU Member States.
According to Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No.333 of 6 April 2010 “Regulations on the common European Union Economic Operator Registration and Identification Number” in the Republic of Latvia, EORI number and ad hoc number (for natural persons) can be received in the customs office where customs formalities are performed, either in person, or by submitting the request electronically by email or fax or by sending an application by post.
Representative offices of foreign traders which do not have legal status or permanent representation status cannot receive the EORI number. In this case, the customs declaration shall be used the EORI number of the parent company identifying representation office registration number in column 44 of SAD.
Type of documents required to receive an EORI number.
Application for assignment of EORI number:
1. For legal persons:
2. For natural persons:
The copy of business registration certificate must be enclosed to the application of legal persons established outside the European Union.
For natural persons of the third countries – a copy of valid passport.
The structure of EORI number issued in the Republic of Latvia.
For legal persons established in Latvia EORI number is assigned based on the taxpayer registration number and its structure is identical to the VAT number. EORI or ad hoc number for natural persons is assigned based on the code of the country – LV and personal identity number of natural person.
For legal persons established outside the European Union the EORI number is based on the country code of the Republic of Latvia (LV), the code of registration country (e.g. RU) and the registration number that is assigned to the person by the competent authority of the country of establishment.
Detailed information can be obtained at the SRS Customs Board by phone 67111427 or on e-mail:
European Commission EORI Guidelines
European Commission EORI Database