Entering Latvia from a country, which is not a member state of the European Union, e.g., USA, Russia, or other, as well as from certain EU territories (Aland Islands; Normandy Islands; within the Federal Republic of Germany - Helgoland Island, territory of Büsingen; within the Italian Republic - Livigno, Kampjoni d’Italia and Italian territorial waters of Lugano Lake; within the Kingdom of Spain - Ceuta, Melilla, and Canary Islands; within the French Republic - French Republic overseas departments), you can import in personal luggage the following without paying taxes.
Goods for personal use, own consumption or gifts, if their total value per person does not exceed:
- 300 euro – travelling by land;
- 430 euro – travelling by air or sea transport;
- total value of imported goods for personal use cannot exceed 285 euro for children below 15 years of age regardless of travel type.
Calculating the total value of imported goods, the following is not taken into consideration:
- the value of personal luggage, which is imported temporarily or is reimported;
- the value of medicine for personal use of the traveller;
- tobacco products, alcoholic beverages and fuel, which are imported in personal luggage and do not exceed defined quantitative restrictions.
Personal luggage is considered to be goods which are purchased in a third country and intended for traveller’s personal or family use or as gifts, if the line of goods and amount is not indicative of their import for commercial purposes. Personal luggage does not include traveller’s own clothing, perfumery and partly used items.
- Permitted allowances for movement of excise goods
You are allowed to bring into the Republic of Latvia FOR YOUR PERSONAL USE, without paying duties, NOT MORE FREQUENTLY THAN ONCE IN SEVEN DAYS the following excise goods in the given amounts.
1. Travelling by road, rail or water transport:
- 40 cigarettes or
- 20 cigarillos (cigars weighing less than 3 grams each), or
- 10 cigars, or
- 50 grams of smoking tobacco or tobacco leaves, or heated tobacco
- or tobacco products in any combination, if the sum of percentages for each individual tobacco product does not exceed 100 percent.
2. Travelling by air transport:
- 200 cigarettes or
- 100 cigarillos (cigars weighing less than 3 grams each), or
- 50 cigars, or
- 250 grams of smoking tobacco or tobacco leaves, or heated tobacco
- or tobacco products in any combination, if the sum of percentages for each individual tobacco product does not exceed 100 percent.
Examples of quantity combinations of tobacco products, which are exempt from taxation:
- 100 cigarettes (50% of permitted quantity of cigarettes) and 50 cigarillos (50% of permitted quantity of cigarillos);
- 50 cigarettes (25% of permitted quantity of cigarettes), 25 cigarillos (25% of permitted quantity of cigarillos) and 25 cigars (50% of permitted quantity of cigars).
- 1 litre of alcoholic beverage with alcohol content above 22% by volume or undenatured ethyl alcohol with alcohol content of 80% or more,
- 2 litres of alcoholic beverage with alcohol content up to 22% by volume, except for still wine and beer,
- alcoholic beverages mentioned above in any combination with the total percentage of individual quantities not exceeding 100 percent,
- 4 litres of non-sparkling (still) wine,
- 16 litres of beer.
Individuals below the age of 18 are not permitted to have a tobacco or alcoholic beverage allowance.
Examples of quantity combinations of alcoholic beverages, which are exempt from taxation:
- 1 litre of alcoholic beverage with alcohol concentration exceeding 22%, 4 litres of non-sparkling (still) wine, and 16 litres of beer;
- 2 litres of sparkling wine, 4 litres of non-sparkling (still) wine, 16 litres of beer;
- 0.5 litres of alcoholic beverage with alcohol concentration exceeding 22% (50% of permitted quantity of strong alcohol), 1 litre of sparkling wine (50% of permitted quantity of sparkling wine), 4 litres of non-sparkling (still) wine, 16 litres of beer;
- 0.3 litres of alcoholic beverage with alcohol concentration exceeding 22% (30% of permitted quantity of strong alcohol), 1.4 litres of aperitif (70% of permitted quantity of aperitif), 4 litres of non-sparkling (still) wine, 16 litres of beer.
Oil Products (fuel)
- in the standard fuel tank of vehicle;
- in movable fuel tank – not exceeding 10 litres per vehicle.
Non-alcoholic Beverages and Coffee with regards to the restrictions defined for value of goods.
Completion of the statement of excise goods movement
If you cross the external land frontier of the Republic of Latvia by road either at the Latvian – Russian or Latvian – Belarusian border, you are obliged to complete the statement of excise goods movement and submit it either to the customs control point or at the border crossing point. By completing the afore-mentioned statement, the quantity of particular excise goods (alcohol, tobacco products and fuel) in your personal luggage should be indicated.
When you need to cross the EU’s external land border by road more often than once in seven days, every time when it is repeatedly planned to return to the Republic of Latvia within a particular time period, leaving the country you are advised to fill in the statement of excise goods movement and submit it to the customs officer at the border crossing point, but in places where customs control is not intended to be carried out – to the official of the State Border Guard.
In situations when the State Border Guard official at the road border crossing point, at which the customs control is not intended to be carried out, finds out that an individual is obliged to make the payment required by the provisions determined in the legislation regarding certain excise products, pursuant to Cabinet Regulation No.1 “Procedure how particular excise goods carried in individual’s luggage are checked at the road border crossing point” of 3 January 2012, the official of the State Border Guard makes a decision refusing the person to enter Latvia with excise goods that are not exempted from duties and provides this information to the nearest border crossing point where the customs control is performed.
Importing fuel, cigarettes or alcohol in Latvia more frequently than once in seven days or excessing the determined quantities of these goods, they shall be declared and the respective taxes – excise tax, value added tax and customs duty shall be paid.
- What should you do if you want to import greater amount of excise goods for personal use?
If larger quantities of goods than the aforementioned are imported, the goods should be declared upon border crossing and customs tax, value added tax, as well as excise duty for excise goods should be paid.
Section 23, Part 2, of the law “On Excise Tax” states that importer pays the calculated tax on excise goods that are applied for the customs procedure – release into free circulation – to the state budget before applying for customs procedure at customs office. Natural person when importing excise goods in personal luggage that exceeds the amount or value stated in Article 21 of the above mentioned law, pays the tax before the release of excise goods into free circulation.
If the actual value of personal luggage does not exceed EUR 700, you are eligible to apply the unified customs tax rate in the amount of 2.5% of customs value of goods. If the value of importable goods exceeds the aforementioned amount, customs tax on imports depends not only on the value of goods, but also on the type of goods. Taxes are collected based on the rate for particular goods.
Unified rate is not applied to tobacco, tobacco products, alcoholic beverages, as well as in cases, when you yourself have asked to apply the particular customs tax to the goods prior to application of unified rate.
- Movement of food products for personal consumption
In order to protect persons and animals from dangerous infectious diseases in the European Union, including Latvia, there are strict rules concerning import of food products into the territory of the European Union. When arriving from a country which is not an EU member state, food products in your personal baggage and for your personal consumption will be subject to strict veterinary control at the place of border crossing regarding harmlessness of such products.
It is prohibited to import the following products of plant and animal origin in the territory of the European Union in the personal baggage for private consumption or use:
- meat and meat products* (bacon, fresh or cured meat, incl. Poultry meat, animal fat, sausages, canned meat, pastry stuffed with meat or containing meat, pasta, gravy, soups etc.);
- milk and dairy products* (milk, yoghurt, cream, cottage cheese, kefir, cheese, butter, condensed milk, ice-cream etc.);
- pet food containing meat or milk* (pet food, chewable toys for dogs, wholemeal flour mixtures);
- all types of food products containing or consisting of betel leaves (Piper betle) and originating or sent from Bangladesh;
- all dried beans originating in Nigeria.
Food products which are prohibited to import into the European Union for private consumption are also prohibited to be sent by post.
*Exception: when importing the afore mentioned products from the Faeroe Islands or Greenland the limit for one person which does not exceed 10 kg shall be observed.
Goods admissible without restrictions
The following products can be imported without restrictions from the third countries in the Member States of the European Union when carried in the personal baggage for private consumption or use:
food products of non-animal origin; for example, bread, cakes, cookies, candy, chocolate, pasta and similar products; certain fresh fruit: bananas, coconuts, dates, pineapples and durians.
It is allowed to import into the European Union from the third countries without veterinary or phytosanitary border control and observing the quantities allowed for one person for private consumption:
1. Up to 2 kg (from the Faeroe Islands, Greenland – up to 10 kg) the following animal origin products:
- honey, eggs, live oysters, live shell-fishes, and snails, royal jelly, bee-glue;
- dry milk for babies, baby food, special food for medical purposes, as well as pet food in patented packaging indicating the producer's information regarding special use.
2. Provided that you have a phytosanitary certificate issued in the third country – up to 2 kg of fresh fruit products (fruit, vegetables, nuts in shell).
If the total weight of the fresh fruit, vegetables and berries exceeds 2 kg, then the products shall be presented for controls to the Food and Veterinary Service.
3. Up to 20 kg of fishery products (from the Faeroe Islands and Greenland- without quantity restrictions. Exception which applies to any country – sturgeon roe – up to 125 g per package with special label):
- fresh (obligatory condition – gutted, also those which are imported undivided), dried, treated with hear, salted, smokedor canned fish;
- some crustaceans, for instance, shrimps, lobsters.
4.Up to 30 kg of other food products of non-animal origin listed in Annexes I and II of Regulation No 2019/1793 (the list is updated every six months).
Please also consult the information material prepared by the Food and Veterinary Service.
Quantity restrictions are not established for import or posting of animal origin products for private consumption from the following countries : Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, San Marino and Switzerland.
If the afore mentioned requirements are not observed and an attempt to import the prohibited animal origin food products is detected, or if the quantities exceed the allowed weight restrictions at the point of the Latvian border crossing, such products shall be confiscated by the customs officials and shall be destroyed. Violations of the rules concerning import of animal origin food products shall result in calling to administrative justice, but n case of a repeated violation – penalty.
In order not to commit administrative offences, travellers are asked to leave the prohibited food products in special labelled containers at the customs control point before the customs control.
Information concerning the rules for import of food products and product groups to which special requirements apply, for instance, food supplements, mineral water, sports food, etc., can be obtained at the home page of the Food and Veterinary Service .
- SRS reminds
If you have no goods to declare or have goods, which do not require payment of taxes, you should cross the border by passing through the Green Channel. The Red Channel is to be used if you have goods to declare in your luggage. Goods exceeding the aforementioned quantities and those not declared upon importation into Latvia from third countries, are considered to be illegal and their possession is an administrative or criminal offence.
- SRS recommends
If you are not sure whether the goods should be declared, choose Red Channel! Please contact a customs official at Border checkpoints with no customs channels.
- What penalty can be imposed if these restrictions are violated?
Pursuant to Paragraph 13 of Section 29 of the Customs Law, for bringing the goods subject to customs clearance into the customs territory of the Republic of Latvia from a third country or taking them out from the customs territory of the Republic of Latvia to a third country without presenting these goods to the customs authorities [...] or in any other illegal manner, a warning or a fine of up to four hundred units of fine (i.e. up to 2000 euros) shall be imposed on a natural person.
- Which legislative acts define restrictions for movement of goods?
- Declaring cash
As of 1 July 2006 when crossing the State border of the Republic of Latvia (both on arrival and departure) in places, which are also external border of the European Union, any natural person must declare cash if it is equivalent to or exceeds 10 000 euro.
The competent authority is entitled to request a person carrying cash of less than EUR 10 000 to complete a cash declaration form upon crossing the State external border provided that elements of potential illegal activities of the person have been identified.
Note that obligation to declare concerns private individuals transporting the cash regardless of the ownership of cash.
- a natural person with 10 000 euro, who travels from Turkey through Germany to Latvia, submits a declaration in Germany – transit country, because Germany is the first point of entry into the territory of the European Union;
- a natural person with 10 000 euro travels by car from Russia to Belarussia through Latvia and Lithuania. In this case a natural person has to submit a declaration on entry to Latvia and exitting Lithuania, because he crosses the border of the territory of the European Union two times.
Cash to be declared shall be translated into euro by applying the exchange rate set by the European Central Bank (ECB), which is published on the penultimate Wednesday of each month and used during the entire month that follows. Information on the published exchange rates of foreign currencies against euro is available here.
If foreign exchange reference rate against euro published by the ECB with regard to a particular foreign currency is not available, the most recent foreign exchange market rate against euro shall be used that has been published in a periodical publication or website of a provider of financial information recognised by the global financial market. It is recommended to use the foreign exchange rates against euro published by XE (available on the website https://www.xe.com/currencytables/).
What is cash?
Cash is: Issued paper money and coins, which are valid means of payment.
Following financial instruments:
- cheques, bills, payment orders, or any other financial instruments, which are issued on behalf of the holder or allows transfer of ownership rights to the financial instrument by its transfer to another person;
- blank cheques, bills, payment orders, or any other financial instruments, which when signed entitle the receipt of money without specifying the recipient.
How to declare?
A private individual submits a written declaration of the cash in two copies to the customs official at the border crossing point and specifies the information on the following:
- owner of cash (if declarant is transporting cash owned by other person);
- planned recipient of cash;
- type and total value of cash;
- origin of cash;
- application purpose of cash;
- route (country of origin, destination country);
- means of transportation;
- place of border crossing, and confirmation that information provided in the declaration is true with own signature.
What is the liability for failing to declare cash?
The responsibility to declare is violated if the information provided is incorrect or incomplete.
According to Paragraph 1 of Section 7 of the Law “On Declaration of Cash at the State Border”, for the failure to fulfil the cash declaration obligation upon crossing the State border as provided in the regulatory enactments, for bringing in or out the cash, a fine in the amount of twenty percent of the amount, which is required to be declared, shall be imposed.
Pursuant to Section 195.2 of the Criminal Law, for the non-declaration or false declaration of large amount of cash, which upon crossing the State border is brought into the Republic of Latvia or taken out thereof, the applicable punishment is the deprivation of liberty for a period of up to three years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine. If this criminal offence has been committed by an organised group, the applicable punishment is the deprivation of liberty for a period of up to four years or temporary deprivation of liberty, or community service, or a fine.
More detailed information you can find on the European Commission website.