Rīgas Ekonomikas augstskolas (SSE Riga) logotips

Publication of Stockholm School of Economics in Riga, published on June 12,2024

On June 12, 2024, the annual results of the SSE Riga "Shadow Economy Index for the Baltic Countries" were announced. 

The latest data reveals that the volume of the shadow economy in Latvia decreased in 2023 to 22.9% of GDP, a decrease of 3.6 percentage points compared to 2022. In Estonia, there was a slight reduction in the shadow economy for 2023, now at 17.9% of GDP, down from 18.0% in 2022. In contrast, Lithuania saw an increase in its shadow economy in 2023, rising by 0.6 percentage points compared to 2022, reaching 26.4% of GDP.

In 2023, the shadow economy in Latvia decreased by more than three percentage points, breaking the negative trend of the last few years. According to Arnis Sauka: "This is the first time since we began studying the size of the shadow economy in 2009 that we have overtaken Lithuania. In other words, our shadow economy is now smaller than Lithuania’s. Estonia is still slightly ahead of us, but the gap is not very significant. Overall, this trend is positive.”